Research

Berlin

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Berlin Tempelhof: Airlift into the future - Tempelhof as a communal space and as an alternative Powerplant. The Site of the former Tempelhof Airport has because of its spatial dimensions and its historic significance unique opportunities to show how the future of our cities is going to look like: Cities which not only consist of low energy structures, but also of energy producing systems and smart networks. We propose a new type of landscape around the central park: A space where technologies and nature merge; A space where energy is produced by a series of different technologies and a space for learning and experiments. Clustered around this ring we propose the development of several new city quarters within the context of an international building exhibition. At the core of our proposal is the creation of an innovative management instrument which allows for participation of various stakeholders and inhabitants. This instrument also dynamically adjusts the process of the development towards the ambitious goal of Tempelhof becoming an Energy producer: A communal space which connects people, supplies energy for the adjacent districts and implements the goal of the German government to lower Co2 emissions, radically.

Urban Gallery

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The Urban Gallery methodology and management framework was developed by CHORA in 1995. It is a tool and an instrument for management and curation of dynamic master plans. Urban Gallery is a new approach to urban planning that can address the complexity and dynamic character of, for example, climate change mitigation. The climate change mitigation and energy efficiency are the most current focus areas where Urban Gallery is being applied. Urban Gallery is uniquely suited to provide a robust framework for handling ever-changing conditions in urban environment. This is achieved by means of choreography, co-evolution, urban curation and cybernetics. In Urban Gallery, prototype projects play a significant role; these either achieve efficient energy management, link operations of different sectors and stakeholders or create a pattern of sustained growth or evolution. The Urban Gallery is a public arena that enables the stakeholders related to prototype projects to act jointly or collaborate over longer periods of time in order to develop, monitor and evaluate prototypes as pilot projects within an overall plan. The structure of Urban Gallery consists of four main layers: Action Plans, Scenarios, Prototypes and Data Base. © Tomaz Pipan

Taiwan Strait Atlas

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The Taiwan Strait Atlas: Towards a Low Carbon Incubator Region is a research project that will create a new vision of the Taiwan Strait as an investigation into the implementation of strict climate change targets. Combining an atlas and a manual, the publicity of the book may organise parties and agents on both sides into action. The book is to be published in 2012, in collaboration with award-winning graphic designer, Joost Grootens. The Taiwan Strait is a complex geopolitical region. Taiwan claims sovereignty but is not recognised by most of the world, including the UK. China sees Taiwan as one of its provinces, and is maintaining a constant military threat. This makes mapping the Taiwan Strait, as an emergent urban region, new and unique. The function of the Taiwan Strait Atlas is to connect the two sides apolitically, and alternatively, encouraging international collaboration and effort in climate change. This is done through the consistent analysis of cities on either side of the strait, Xiamen (PRC) and Taichung (ROC). The aim of the book is to demonstrate a joint strategy of climate change mitigation over the liminal body that is the Taiwan Strait, using a toolbox to create an incubator region. The incubator will in turn spawn future low carbon projects, technologies and policies that will cumulatively create a low carbon region. The use of the toolbox in this context creates an interconnected public domain or metaspace that rises above the serious political tension and geographic separation. The toolbox is a planning support system, designed by CHORA, called the Urban Gallery. It is aimed at curating information and choreographing action. On one hand it is a metaphysical device that connects various policies, strategies, stakeholders etc., and on the other it has physical manifestations on the ground, in the form of local conditions, technologies etc.

Smart City Chengdu

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Chengdu’s plans for the development of a 5th ring provides a unique opportunity for CHORA to demonstrate its vision for Chengdu as a ‘smart city’. The spatial development potential for Chengdu becomes a test bed for the implementation of prototypes, which are a toolbox of projects and systems working on a physical or social level to reduce carbon emissions. This could be a small scale system, like the installation of passive technology in a building or large scale, like a smart grid. The project was started as an invited exhibition piece at the Chengdu biennale 2011 and has since developed into a research project that is testing out possibilities of smart integration of different technologies and dynamic planning. Research project is proposing Chengdu as a Smart City by means of pilot projects, test areas, and partners that are able to provide visions for a sustainable energy efficient future. A Smart City cannot be constructed in one step. It needs new interlinking of a wide range of systems, and the mutation of existing city areas and infrastructure to facilitate sustainable and energy efficient issues. The overarching question that we would like to answer is how to facilitate growth of the city and more importantly, how to facilitate the needs for industrial expansion in a smart and sustainable way whilst accommodating for the needs and wishes of economical development.

Smart Sustainable District (SSD) Green Moabit

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PROJEKTZIELE UND PROJEKTBAUSTEINE:
Das Projekt Smart Sustainable District (SSD) ist ein europäisches Projekt, welches mit Quartieren arbeitet, die auf die Umsetzung integrierter und städtischer Lösungen setzen, um ihre Ressourceneffizienz zu steigern und den Energieverbrauch zu reduzieren. Das übergeordnete Ziel ist die Schaffung von Lebensräumen, die von hoher Qualität zeugen sowie den zukünftigen Herausforderungen des Klimawandels gewachsen sind. Durch die Expertise aller Climate-KIC Partner stehen zahlreiche Partner aus Privatwirtschaft, öffentlichem Sektor sowie aus Wissenschaft und Forschung bereit, um bereits vorhandene Ansätze in den einzelnen Quartieren zu integrierten Lösungen zu befähigen. Moabit West ist zu einem Fallbeispiel für ein “Smart Sustainable District” ernannt worden, da es einen umfangreichen Maßnahmenkatalog aus dem Stadtteilentwicklungskonzept (StEK) Green Moabit (2014) vorweisen konnte und hier bereits viele erfolgreich agierende Netzwerke aus Bürger- und Unternehmerinitiativen gemeinsam mit der öffentlichen Verwaltung (Bezirk Mitte und Land Berlin) zusammenarbeiten. In den letzten 1,5 Jahren wurden bereits mehrere lokale Partner aus dem Bezirk Mitte, dem Unternehmensnetzwerk, dem Quartiersmanagement, den städtischen Ver- und Entsorgern sowie der TU Berlin gewonnen, um die Umsetzung integrierter Quartierslösungen in Moabit West voranzutreiben. Ab Januar 2016 startet die Planung von Einzel-Projekten in den Bereichen Energieeffizienz, nachhaltiges Wassermanagement, soziale Infrastruktur, CO2 neutrale Mo(a)bilität sowie Disastermanagement. Für die Ausarbeitung der Projekte sind drei große Stakeholder-Workshops sowie Bürgerbeteiligungsverfahren und Ideenaufrufe geplant. Weiterhin wird intensiv an dem Aufbau eines “District Data Atlas” gearbeitet, der die Grundlage für Modellierungen, Szenario-Entwicklungen sowie Kommunikationsformate bildet, um energie- und ressourceneffiziente Maßnahmen voranzubringen.

ROLLE DES FACHGEBIETES CHORA CITY&ENERGY DER TU BERLIN:
Der Fachgebietsleiter Prof. Raoul Bunschoten ist am übergeordneten Projektmanagement des Projektes SSD beteiligt. Die vom CHORA city&energy Team entwickelte Methode der „Urban Gallery“ bzw. die Anwendung der „Scenario Games“ unterstützt das Stakeholdermanagement, die Szenario- Entwicklung geplanter Projekte sowie die Strategieentwicklung zur Umsetzung integrierter Infrastrukturprojekte. Das Visualisieren und Beschreiben von komplexen urbanen Zusammenhängen ist die Kernkompetenz des Fachgebietes im Projekt SSD. Weiterhin ist das Fachgebiet im Europäischen Quartiersnetzwerk der Smart Sustainable Districts engagiert und tauscht sich über best-practice-Beispiele und lokale Herausforderungen und Lösungsansätze aus. Für das Berliner Quartier Moabit West übernimmt Nadine Kuhla von Bergmann (Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin bei CHORA) die Rolle der „District Key Account Managerin“ und agiert an der Schnittstelle zwischen dem europäischem Netzwerk sowie den lokalen Partnern mit ihren Umsetzungsprojekten. Das Projekt wird von Climate-KIC bis vorraussichtlich 2017 gefördert.

EUROPÄISCHE PROJEKTPARTNER:
Imperial College London, Institute for Sustainability, TNO, TU Munich, Utrecht Sustainability Institute, ARIA, Chalmers University of Technology, Deltares, Esri, ETH Zurich, iVeridis, University of Birmingham, University of Reading

BERLINER PARTNER:
Land Berlin, vertreten durch die Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umwelt sowie die Senatsverwaltung für Wirtschaft, Technologie und Forschung, Bezirksamt Mitte, vertreten durch das Stadtentwicklungsamt mit dem FB Stadtplanung, BVG, Berliner Wasserbetriebe (BWB), Berliner Stadtreinigung (BSR), GASAG, Vattenfall, Unternehmensnetzwerk Moabit e.V., Quartiersmanagement Moabit West, Moabiter Ratschlag, Smart City Strategie Berlin Partner

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SMART SUSTAINABLE DISTRICTS:
SSD is a European project working with roundabout ten districts to co-develop integrated solutions using innovative products, technologies and services to boost resource efficiency and reduce energy consumption. Each SSD project will provide local district developers and planners with access to innovations from across Climate-KIC’s partner network of climate change experts working in the private, public and academic sectors. Partners will apply their industry experience, communicate it together in the Smart Citizen Board (SCB) and integrate the most relevant solutions and strategies at district level.

Modelling City Systems (MCS)

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DEVELOPING A PLATFORM BASED APPROACH FOR CLIMATE-AWARE CITY PLANNING AND MANAGEMENT Recognizing the increasing complexity of urban planning and management, coupled with the contemporary stresses of climate change, resource scarcity and changing demographics; the MCS innovation project is working to develop a set of integrated and effective city planning tools. Supported by real time data and a community of relevant academics and business leaders will facilitate the implementation of sustainable practices in Europe’s cities. THE CLIMATE CHANGE ISSUE Cities are comprised of an array of entities and activities, which can be understood in terms of the systems to which they contribute and belong. As cities have evolved these systems have become increasingly multi-layered and complex – incorporating old and new as well as trying to respond to contemporary challenges such as climate change and resource scarcity. Consequently trying to manage cities holistically faces a number of difficulties, many of which are difficult to overcome at the scale of governments or city authorities – with governance fractured across lines of ownership, usage and spatial territory. Nevertheless if cities are going to rise to compound environmental and social pressures – including the 2050 Greenhouse Gas reduction targets in Europe, as well as maintaining aspirations for sustainability without compromising on livability new tools for analyzing city systems are needed. THE PROJECT SOLUTION The Modelling City Systems innovation project will develop a suite of analysis, design, and operational execution solutions to support the implementation of sustainable practices through systems approaches in Europe. The MCS programme will consist of two major work streams of activity, firstly the development of the Modelling City Systems core technology, and secondly the development of a network of Climate-KIC community based solutions.The core technology will be based around a single modular platform including the following components, a) B2B Marketplace consisting largely of Climate-KIC originated products, b) Decision Support Solutions examining sustainability approaches and resource flows, c) an open modular Information Model and Data Infrastructure for planning and managing cities, including transferable information and a 3D city model repository, d) a tool for Real-time Resource Flows, and e) Dynamic Urban Monitoring allowing for real world inputs into the data infrastructure, including feeds from various sources to update characteristics dynamically.The Climate-KIC community based solution will draw from the enormous repository of existing solutions, particularly from the Sustainable City Systems Platform portfolio. This project will promote the use of existing products and services through its own MCS platform. Gaps between projects and partners will be overcome to allow MCS to capitalize on the diverse skillset represented by the KIC community. It is crucial that the end products are able to reduce the complexity of city planning but at the same time maintain precision and sophistication necessary to appreciate the nuances of modern city systems. THE ROLE OF CLIMATE-KIC There is a big need for novel smart city products. Planner and their CFOs urgently need insights about the build environment and associated urban systems while they are constantly changing them. It is extremely important to understand the effects of interdependencies between sub-systems in an easy way. Climate-KIC and its partners will further unlock their treasures by creating a unified but modular platform and an integrated marketplace to actually access Climate-KIC originated products and solutions very easily.

Cybernetics: state of the art

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CONFERENCE: JUNE 9TH 2016 - JUNE 11TH 2016 @ TU Berlin - Institute for Architecture - Forum